ANDREWES, Lancelot

(1555-1626)
Lancelot Andrewes was a renowned English prelate, preacher, and theologian who shared Archbishop William Laud's Arminianism. Born in London in 1555 to Thomas and Joan Andrewes, he attended the Cooper's Free School, Merchant Taylors' School, and Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, obtaining the B.A. (1575), M.A. (1578), an appointment as catechist (1578), ordination as deacon (1580), B.D. (1585), D.D. (c. 1588), and mastership (1589-1605), plus an M.A. (1581) from Jesus College, Oxford. After serving as chaplain to the earl of Huntingdon, president of the Council of the North, he obtained the living at St. Giles, Crip-plegate, London, and prebends at St. Paul's and Southwell in 1589, thanks to Sir Francis Walsingham. He was chaplain to Queen Elizabeth* and Archbishop John Whitgift and received a prebend (1597) and deanery (1601) at Westminster Abbey, but rejected the bishoprics of Salisbury (1596) and Ely (1599), being unwilling to alienate their revenues. However, he served James I* as bishop of Chichester (1605-9), Ely (1609-19), and Winchester (1619-26); lord almoner (1605-19); dean of the Chapel Royal (1619-26); at the Hampton Court Con­ference (1604); with the Authorized Version of the Bible (1607-11); and as a privy councillor. He died on 26 September 1626. Andrewes was a good administrator, generous benefactor, and opponent of corruption, but avoided politics. A linguist (Latin, Greek, Hebrew, and fifteen modern languages), learned in patristic literature, and a brilliant preacher, Andrewes (like Richard Hooker*) defended the via media, rejecting both transub-stantiation and predestination. He incurred Puritan ire for favoring "high-church" worship and the Arminian belief in free will. His writings are voluminous, though few appeared during his lifetime. Most famous are Tortura torti (1609), a reply to Cardinal Robert Bellarmine's attack on the oath of allegiance instituted after the Gunpowder Plot, and Preces privatae (A Manual for Private Devo­tions), posthumously published prayers.
Bibliography
K. Fincham, Prelate as Pastor: The Episcopate of James I, 1990.
N. Lossky, Lancelot Andrewes the Preacher (1555-1626): The Origins of the Mystical Theology ofthe Church ofEngland, trans. Andrew Louth, 1991.
William B. Robison

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ANDREWES, LANCELOT° — (1555–1626), Anglican bishop, one of the principal translators of the King James Version of the Bible (1611). Andrewes studied at Cambridge where he became a fellow in 1576, took his orders in 1580, and became master of Pembroke Hall in 1589. He… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Andrewes, Lancelot — ▪ English theologian born 1555, London, Eng. died Sept. 26, 1626, London       theologian and court preacher who sought to defend and advance Anglican doctrines during a period of great strife in the English church.       Andrewes was elected a… …   Universalium

  • ANDREWES, LANCELOT —    an English prelate, born in Essex, and zealous High Churchman in the reign of Elizabeth and James I.; eminent as a scholar, a theologian, and a preacher; in succession bishop of Ely, Chichester, and Winchester; was one of the Hampton Court… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Andrewes, Lancelot — (1555 1626)    Churchman and scholar, was b. in London, and ed. at Merchant Taylor s School and Cambridge, where he took a fellowship and taught divinity. After receiving various other preferments he became Dean of Westminster, and a chaplain in… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • ANDREWES (L.) — ANDREWES LANCELOT (1555 1626) De Lancelot Andrewes, un fragment au moins reste dans les mémoires: son évocation, dans un de ces sermons sur la Nativité qu’il prêcha chaque année, entre 1605 et 1624, le 25 décembre devant le roi Jacques Ier et la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lancelot Andrewes — (* 16. Juli 1555 in London; † 25. September 1626 ebenda) war ein englischer Gelehrter, Theologe und Prediger. Leben Andrewes stammte aus e …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lancelot Andrewes — Infobox Saint name=Lancelot Andrewes birth date=1555 death date=25 September 1626 feast day=25 September venerated in=Anglican Communion imagesize= caption= birth place=Barking, London death place=Southwark titles= beatified date= beatified place …   Wikipedia

  • Lancelot (Begriffsklärung) — Lancelot ist der Name von: Lancelot (oder Launcelot; französisch: Lancelot du Lac, englisch: Lancelot of the Lake, deutsch: Lanzelot vom See oder Lancelot von der Quelle), Sagenfigur der mittelalterlichen Artusromane Claude Lancelot (* um 1615; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrewes — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Christopher Andrewes (1896–1987), britischer Virologe Sir Frederick William Andrewes (1859–1932), britischer Mediziner und Bakteriologe Lancelot Andrewes (1555–1626), englischer Gelehrter, Theologe und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrewes Hall — Infobox University name =Andrewes Hall native name = latin name = motto = Ora middot; Stude middot; Labora established =2002 type =Theological Seminary endowment = staff = faculty =7 president =The Rev. Royal U. Grote Jr., DD principal = rector …   Wikipedia


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